A. ARTICLES As the video outlined The Constitution is divided up into Articles. Fifty in total. Each Article sets out an important rule or law.
B. RIGHTS The video outlines that living in a Democracy gives you certain rights and these are protected under the Constitution. Some of these rights are:
1) The right to equality
2) The right to protest
3) The right to vote
4) The right to freely express your opinions
5) The right to practice your religion
6) The right to join associations, such as political parties, trade unions or organisations.
Go to The Constitution online or a hard copy of The Constitution https://www.constitution.ie/Documents/Bhunreacht_na_hEireann_web.pdf to find the answers to the following Questions:
Identify the specific Article of the Constitution that you would have to read to find out about:
(a) Your right to an education
(b) What work should be done by the President
(c) The system of voting in Ireland for elections to Dáil Éireann
(d) How the Constitution can be changed
(e) Who appoints judges to the courts
The way in which our Democracy in Ireland works is outlined in a very important document called ’The Constitution’ or Bunreacht na hÉireann. This is the second version of the constitution of the state since independence. It replaced the original 1922 version of the Constitution of the Irish Free State and came into force on 29 December 1937 following what is called a national plebiscite or vote held on 1 July 1937. The opening lines read, ’We, the people of Ireland….’ because in a democracy all power comes from the people. This document was accepted by the people of Ireland by 75.8% to 24.2% in 1937. The Constitution defines our system of government and it outlines what constitutional rights we have as Irish citizens, therefore we have what’s called a ’constitutional democracy’ in Ireland. The Constitution is divided up into Articles. Each Article sets out an important rule or law. There are 50 articles in total. Living in a Democracy gives you certain rights and these are protected under the Constitution. Sometimes people think that democracy is only about how the majority rule. This is not strictly true. In a democracy decisions are made based on what the majority agree, but the rights and freedoms of the minority must always be respected and listened to as well. Why do you think Ireland being in a Democracy is important? How important is the Constitution?